Characteristics of Quality Semen, Hatching Arabic Chicken Eggs and Growth of Chicks from Crosses

Rin Orin Ningrum(1*), Takdir Saili(2), la Ode Baa(3),

(1) Universitas Sembilanbelas November Kolaka
(2) Universitas Halu Oleo
(3) Universitas Halu Oleo
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


This study aims to evaluate and analyze the characteristics of the quality of semen, and hatching of Arab chicken eggs and the growth of crosses from chicks. This research was conducted at the Permata Farmer Group business, Wua-wua Village, Wua-wua District Kendari, Southeast Sulawesi for three months. This study uses a Completely Randomized Design which is three treatments and six replications. The parameters measured were semen quality, egg weight, egg index, fertility, DOC weight gain, feed consumption, and feed conversion. The data analysis used is Analysis of Variance. The results of this study indicate that the consequences of crossing three males did not have a significant effect (P> 0.05) on the measured parameters. It can be seen in the research process which gives results that are not much different from the results of the crossing of three different males using the Arabic parent in the initial phase of production.

Keywords


quality of semen, hatching, the growth of Arabian chicken

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ali, M. N., Hassan, M. S., & Elghany, F. A. A. (2007). Hatching performance of native laying hens. Int poultry science. 6(8), pp. 539-554.

Bell, D., & Weaver. (2002). Commercial Chicken Meat and Egg. New York, USA: Kluwer Academic Publishers.

Fatafta, A.A., & Abu-Dieyeh, Z. H. M. (2007). Effect of chronic heat stress in broiler performance in Jordan. J. Poultry Sci. 6(1), pp. 64-70.

Hidajat, K. (2000). Pengaruh Berbagai Macam Pengencer dan Dosis Inseminasi Terhadap Periode Fertil Sperma dan Daya Tetas Telur. Thesis. Bandung, Indonesia: Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Padjajaran.

Hyun, Y. M., Ellis, Riskowski, G., & Johnson, R. W. (1998). Growth performance of pigs subjected to multiple concurrent stressors. Journal Animal Sci. 76, pp. 721-727.

Irastuti. (2007). Pengaruh Jenis Pengencer Semen terhadap Fertilitas dan Periode Fertile Spemetozoa Ayam. Thesis. Palu, Indonesia: Jurusan Peternakan Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Tadulako.

Kholis & Sitanggang. (2003). Ayam Arab dan Poncin Petelur Unggul. Depok, Indonesia: Agro Media Pustaka.

Lukman, H. (2005). Evaluasi Pemberian Feed Aditive Alami Berupa Campuran Herbal, Probiotik, dan Prebiotik terhadap Performans, Karkas dan Lemak Abdominal, serta HDL, LDL Daging. Skripsi. Bogor, Indonesia: Departemen Ilmu Nutrisi dan Teknologi Pakan Institut Pertanian Bogor.

Partodiharjo, S (1992) Ilmu Reproduksi Hewan. Jakarta, Indonesia: Mutiara Sumber Widya.

Pilliang, W. G. (1992). Manajemen Beternak Unggas. Bogor, Indonesia: Departemen Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan Institut Pertanian Bogor.

Rasyaf, M. (1992). Seputar Makanan Ayam Kampung. Yogyakarta, Indonesia: Kanisius.

Sarwono, B. (2011). Ayam Arab Petelur Unggul. Jakarta, Indonesia: Penerbit Swadaya.

Septiawan. (2007). Respon Produktivitas dan Reproduktivitas Ayam Kampung dengan Umur Induk yang Berbeda. Bogor, Indonesia: Fakultas Peternakan Institut Pertanian Bogor.

Steel, R. G. D. & Torrie, J. H. (1993). Prinsip dan Prosedur Statistika suatu Pendekatan Biometrik. Jakarta, Indonesia: PT. Gramedia Pustaka Utama.

Suprijatna. (2005). Ayam Buras Krosing Petelur. Jakarta, Indonesia: Penebar Swadaya.

Suprijatna, E., Umiyati, A., & Ruhyat, K. (2005). Ilmu Dasar Ternak Unggas. Jakarta, Indonesia: Penebar Swadaya.

Sulandari, S., Zein, M. S. A., Priyanti, S., Sartika, T., Astuti, M., Widjastuti, T., Sujana, E., Darana, S., Setiawan, I., & Garnida, G. (2007). Sumber daya genetik ayam lokal Indonesia. Dalam Keanekaragaman Sumber Daya Hayati Ayam Lokal lndonesia: Manfaat dan Potensi. Bogor, Indonesia: Pusat Penelitian Biologi, Lembaga IImu Pengetahuan Indonesia, pp. 45−104.

Tilman, A.D., Hartadi, Hari, & Soedomo. (1991). Ilmu Makanan Ternak Dasar. Yogyakarta, Indonesia: Gadjah Mada University Press.

Toelihere, M. R. (1993). Fisiologi reproduksi pada ternak. Bandung, Indonesia: Angkasa.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.31327/chalaza.v3i2.871

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 491 times
PDF - 278 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2018 CJAH All rights reserved

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

     

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Chlaza Journal of Animal Husbandry, Jl. Pemuda, No. 339 Kolaka, Southeast Sulawesi, Indonesia - 93517 Mobile: +6285255092481 WA: +6285255092481 E-mail : editor.cjah@usnsj.com or chalaza.usnsj@gmail.com

ONLINE ISSN: 2548-3803 PRINT ISSN: 2548-5504


Universitas Sembilanbelas November Kolaka, USN Scientific Journal Publisher (Hardcopy Provider)
 Jl. Pemuda, No. 339 Kolaka, Southeast Sulawesi, Indonesia - 93517 E-mail: info@usnsj.com

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Chalaza Journal of Animal Husbandry licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------